Fall Planting

It’s time to plant for Fall, y’all!

Now, I know you might be saying, “It is still 8000 degrees and it feels like the surface of the sun outside.” Well, guess what? The Pumpkin Spice Latte is being served at a Starbucks near you, so that means its officially Fall regardless of what the thermometer says. Truthfully, though, the night time highs are dropping in to the 70’s even if the daytime highs are staying in the 90’s-100’s. This means, it’s time for SEEDS!!!

The vast majority of Fall crops can be grown directly in your garden from seed. No need to transplant! Not only is it fun, it's cheap, too!

 

We have the great privilege of year round growing here in the desert Southwest! I will often tell first time gardeners that Fall is a much more forgiving season here in the desert. You can grow something anytime here, but Fall/Winter is easier than any other season.

Fall is the season for roots and leaves! What does that mean? Well, think about the foods you eat. Which veggies are you eating leaves? Lettuce, cabbage, kale, chard, arugula, mustard. bok choy…things like that. Which veggies are you eating roots? Carrots, radishes, beets, parsnips, turnips…. Of course there are exceptions. Peas are a cool season crop. Sow peas near a trellis to climb and the seeds will come up when the time is right. Also things like broccoli, cauliflower and Romanesco grow great this time of year. Tomatoes and peppers tend to be categorized as summer veggies, but they actually thrive in our warm Fall weather here in the desert Southwest. While tomatoes and peppers will live through summer with lots of water and mulching, they will almost go dormant. Not producing much past about mid June. But, come Fall, these plants will often flower and begin fruiting again. So, either baby your plants through the summer and get a second harvest in Fall, or put new transplants in mid August through mid September and enjoy peppers and tomatoes before winter sets in.

Fall is also a great time to put in some herbs. Herbs that are good to plant in fall are Parsley, Sage, Thyme, Oregano, Rosemary, Fennel, Mint, Lemon Balm, Sorrel and Feverfew. You have time to put in Basil transplants, although Basil will be killed by the first frost so be sure to harvest when frosts are forecast and make lots of pesto to freeze.

In the edible flower department, Fall is a great time to seed in Nasturtiums, Sweet Alyssum, Snap Dragons and Borage.

Some Swiss Chard and Sweet Banana peppers growing in my fall garden.

Hopefully you have prepped your beds, but if not, pull any weeds, and then use your spading fork to dig in some manure and compost. Fall crops tend to love lots of nitrogen, so you might even consider adding some blood meal this time of year. You don’t need to spend lots of money on soil amendments. If you only have $5 to spend, buy a bag of steer manure and a few packets of seeds. Happy Gardening!

New Potatoes

You might remember this post about how I experimented with growing potatoes in blue Ikea bags. This is an older video taken at the end of May when I dug my first bag of potatoes and found not one…but then I found some new potatoes in the other bags. Sorry that I am just now getting around to posting it, but I have been in a heat induced stupor for about a month. Thought this might be fun to watch a video of when it was simply hot at the end of May rather than deathly hot like it is now in July!

Growing Blueberries in the Desert Garden

 

Did you know you can grow blueberries in the desert? You can if you follow these three non-negotiable rules.

1.) You must plant Southern Highbush varieties (there are many.) These are low enough chill and will be heat tolerant enough to survive. Even some “low chill” varieties may reqire more chill hours then you get. In Phoenix proper, you need to look for varieties that are under 350. The lower, the better.

2.) You can never plant them in the ground. They are a container plant only and even then they require an acidic soil mixture with lots of peat moss and soil sulfer. No native desert soil. They require an pH of 4.5-5.5. Native soil here is about an 8. No matter how much you ammend our soil, it will never be acidic enough for long enough to keep the berry bush healthy and thriving. Remember, berry bushes are a long term plant. You want many, many years of production out of them. You might get a bush to live in the native soil for a season, but it will die eventually. Alright, enough about that.

3.) They are very sensitive to nitrate based nitrogen fertilizer. It will kill them quick. Be very sure you know the origin of any nitrogen in fertilizer and be sure the soil mixture you use doesn’t have any added in.

Watch your plants for heat and sun stress. Move them where they will get plenty of shade in the hottest part of the summer. This is an advantage to container plants, you can move them whenever you need to. Dave Wilson Nursery has a very helpful page about raising blueberries in a desert environment. Follow thier advice to the letter and you should be sucessful. Enjoy your blueberries!

First Time Gardeners| Abbi’s Garden

I am doing a short little series here on the blog about first time gardeners. These posts will be different in that they won’t include a video. Instead, we’ll share photos and information about several first time gardeners who all have started their gardens in different ways and for different reasons. Hopefully, you’ll see a little of yourself in their stories.

Abbi’s Garden:

Abbi is a lifelong friend of mine. Our parents were friends before either of us were born. We grew up going to the same church and we graduated from the same highschool. I was a bridesmaid in Abbi’s wedding and we have remained close as we have both had our children.

Abbi has four children under 6 years old, so needless to say, she has a lot on her plate. She and I had chatted back and fourth on Facebook brainstorming ways that she could start a garden at home with minimal effort and expense. They had moved into their current house not long ago and were still familiarizing themselves with it. Up until recently, she had focused her energy on getting settled and organized inside the house, but spring was tugging at her heart so while she was waiting and gathering materials to build a small raised bed, she decided to pull some weeds in an area of her sideyard and found this:

She'd had a garden all along. It was simply growing a crop that was undesireable (weeds.)

She discovered three of these beds in her sideyard under the weeds. They already have nice ammended soil and an automatic drip system! Score.

Abbi is organized, calculated and research driven. Before she began planting, she wanted to make sure that she laid out her garden in a way that maximized her space and allowed for continued harvest. She used GrowVeg.com to plan her garden layout and cross referenced the suggested plants for zone 9 against the Urban Farm planting calendar that is linked on the sidebar of this blog. You can’t always trust Zone 9 planting recommendations in Phoenix because of our extreme heat, so I always recommend that desert gardeners double check their planting dates against a local source.

Once her plan was complete, Abbi and her kids planted some seeds and a few transplants into their new garden!

I love how she labeled her newly seeded veggies with river rocks and a Sharpie!

And, a few weeks in, many of her seeds have sprouted and are starting their journey towards harvest!

The baskets protect little Zuchini seedlings from the neighborhood squirrel. Everything is off to a great start!

Here are Abbi’s answers to the questions that I asked all of my first time gardeners:

Have you ever grown vegetables before? No, this is my first garden. Why did you decide to start your garden this season? I needed something else to do.  Just kidding.  I thought it would be a good experience and something fun to do with my girls.  Also, I’m looking forward to eating from my own garden. What are you most looking forward to harvesting from your garden? Zucchini or watermelon.  Probably watermelon. If you could give first time gardeners one tip, what would it be?  Square foot gardening is the easiest method.  Row planting is not.

To see more from other first time gardeners, click here.

First Time Gardeners| Ivy’s Garden

Today, I am launching a short little series here on the blog about first time gardeners. These posts will be a different in that they won’t include a video. Instead, we’ll share photos and information about several first time gardeners who all have started their gardens in different ways and for different reasons. Hopefully you will see a little of yourself in their stories.

I asked each gardener the same questions:

Have you ever grown vegetables before? Why did you decide to start your garden this season? What are you most looking forward to harvesting from your garden? If you could give first time gardeners one tip, what would it be?

Ivy’s Garden:

Ivy and I have been friends since elementary school. Ivy is a florist (here is her fantastic business…yes, she does weddings,) and creates beauty everywhere she goes. She dreams big and lives life to the fullest. She’s a great friend! Over the kids’ spring break from school, she invited me over to her house so that our kids could play together, but also so that she could share some of her gardening ideas for their backyard. Like I said, she dreams big. She had drawings and plans that included several gardening spaces in her backyard. The problem that day was that most of what she had planned involved building things that we didn’t have the materials for and running water to places in the yard where it didn’t yet exist. I loved all her ideas, but I knew that the clock was ticking on getting a spring garden going. The heat would come on fast. She has a great flower bed right out her back door near where her kids’ swingset was. It had heavily amended soil and a hose bib. After a short brainstorming session, and a look around her shed, I realized that she had everything she needed to turn that unused bed into her kitchen garden.

About a week after our planting, squash, cucumbers and sunflowers begin to emerge.

Newly emerged seeds are starting to fill Ivy's kitchen garden with possibilities!

I had brought my seed portfolio with me (Yes…I have a seed portfolio…don’t judge…) so we talked about what their family likes to eat, and based on food preferences and sun exposure, picked appropriate plants for that space. We decided to do a modified Three Sisters Garden using sunflowers instead of corn, pole beans planted at the base of the sunflowers (after about 3 weeks of growth) fix nitrogen into the soil and use the sunflower stalks to climb.  A combination of winter and summer squash and cucumbers to cover the ground and create a living mulch. A tomato plant, some lettuce and basil tucked in to the corners and the garden was complete. The kids helped us plant seeds, measured distance between plantings and wrote the plant varieties on river rocks with a Sharpie marker while we talked about the history of the Three Sisters Garden and how native Americans understood the important relationships between companion plants. Math, science, anthropology and writing lessons all while planting the garden. And they thought they were just sticking their fingers in the dirt. In about an hour she had her first garden, and her precious kids had a lot of fun planting it!

A few weeks in, the sunflowers, squash and cucumbers have sprouted and its time to plant the beans!

The moral of Ivy’s gardening story is use what you have and just start. Since that day, Ivy has planted a repurposed vintage feed trough that she already owned with potatoes and is using reclaimed railroad ties to make another raised bed.

A repurposed vintage feed trough makes a great container for growing potatoes. 4 inches of soil in the bottom and add straw as the potatoes grow.

Having a long-term plan is wonderful, but it’s also important to start small and scale up as you have the resources. You’ll learn a lot along the way!

Here are Ivy’s answers to the questions I asked her:

Have you ever grown vegetables before? Just a couple of tomato plants, this is a first! Why did you decide to start your garden this season? A healthy hobby I’ve been wanting to start for a long time, now my kids are at an age to enjoy it with me. What are you most looking forward to harvesting from your garden? Any and everything, maybe I’m especially excited to see “mammoth” sunflowers!? We are already building another garden so we can grow corn and watermelon, which has me pretty excited too. If you could give first time gardeners one tip, what would it be? Call the greenest thumbed friend you know and bribe her if you have to, to come over and teach you what she knows and even get you started with her very own seeds! (wink wink) No truly, it’s like anything else, you don’t diet, work out, parent or garden without someone to celebrate with!

The cutest garden gnome ever! She goes out every day to chat with the plants,

To see more from other first time gardeners, click here.

Growing Potatoes in Bags with Straw

Honestly, I am the most distract-able person on the planet. I will be talking about one thing and then my mind is like, “Squirrel!” and I am off on a tangent. This video is mainly about growing potatoes. Specifically a “no-dig” potato growing method where you plant the potatoes at the bottom of a bag and then fill in with straw as the potato grows. In reality, this video covers that, my disdain for oleander, yet my reluctant admission that they are pretty when they flower, and a quick little update on the lean-to veggie garden in the “back forty.” And then, I become determined that I am going to reach my hand into one of the bags and pull out a potato to show you. Thus, the video is over 7 minutes of painful potato hunting. It’s ADHD gardening at its best.

Potatoes have gotten a bad rap recently. Everyone has jumped on the low carb bandwagon, and starchy potatoes have gotten left at the ranch.  They have earned a reputation as an unhealthy food. I suppose when you peel them, slice them thin, fry them in oil and cover them in chili and nacho cheese (mmmm…chili cheese fries) then I can’t say I disagree. But the humble potato itself is one of the healthiest and most nourishing foods on the planet, and makes up a large portion of much of the world’s diet…Americans included. The potato has no fat or cholesterol, is low-calorie, high in fiber and is one of the best sources of Potassium you can consume. If you leave the skin on and prepare them in a way that doesn’t include excessive added fat, they are very good for your body, and versatile in the kitchen.

I am here to tell you, like you will discover with much of the produce from your garden, home-grown tastes WAAAAY better! The little potato you met in the video, we’ll call him Bugsy, he got eaten not long after I filmed this video. I scrubbed him up and popped him in the microwave for 1 minute (I stopped cooking when I heard a loud pop. I forgot to poke holes in Bugsy so he wouldn’t blow up in my microwave.) I spread a dollop of butter on what was left of Bugsy and he was delicious! I know…I just told you how healthy potatoes are without added fat and there I am adding butter. But I worked up a big appetite trying to find a potato to show you, and Bugsy was just a baby. A tasty baby.

In the Sonoran Desert, potatoes can be planted mid January through mid February and need about 4 months growing time. You can start harvesting baby potatoes, like Bugsy, around the time the plant starts to flower. Harvest them gently and you won’t disturb the plant. Once plants yellow and start to fade, wait another week and then you are ready to harvest! I promise to do another video when I harvest and show you how it worked out!!

 

The Great Sunflower Harvest

Sunflowers are a wonderful plant and one of my favorites in the garden. They’re truly a multipurpose plant! They provide delicious seeds that are super healthy and can be pressed to make sunflower oil, they are great at attracting bees and other pollinators to your garden, they make great poles for peas or beans to climb and they are so cheerful looking that they can brighten the darkest day.

But, the number one reason that I grow them is because they are one of the quickest growing plants available that can provide 2 of the most important components to a successful desert garden: afternoon shade, and wind protection. When sunflowers are planted along the southern border of the garden, they provide the valuable dappled afternoon shade that nearly all vegetable crops need and a gentle break against our arid “blow dryer” winds.

There are countless different varieties of sunflower to choose from in a range of heights, from “Elves” which is a dwarf variety to “Mammoth” which is a giant variety. They come in a range of colors and petal patterns and some form a single head while others form multiple flower heads on one stalk.  All are equally easy to grow. I grow the “Mammoth” variety because I figure, if you are going to do something, do it big!

Two of my sunniest flowers!

You can plant sunflowers in the Sonoran Desert February through October. Mine survived all the frosts like champs this year. I think the reason for this is that they were at least 6 feet tall before the first frost and since cold air sinks, they were tall enough to make it. If you plant them late, they may be more susceptible to frost, and shorter or dwarf varieties may be more tender. The good news is, if they get killed by frost, they sprout and grow quickly from seed, so you can try again after the last danger of frost.

You may need to stake super tall varieties like “Mammoth” especially after deep watering or rain because their large heads will get heavy. Once you can see that the seeds have formed on the flower heads, wait a few weeks for the heads to turn downward and for the green disks at the back of the flower to start to yellow, and then you can cut the flower head off and allow it to dry on your porch or inside. Once the flower is dry, you can shake out all the sunflower seeds and roast them for eating, save some for replanting and probably still have plenty to share with the wild birds.

Sunflower heads laying out to dry

I use my large serrated bread knife to cut off the flowers for drying.

I have no idea what I am going to do with all those sunflower seeds!!! I have enough to plant the back 40 in sunflowers! Well, hope you try sunflowers in your desert garden!

Here’s lookin’ at you kid!

See no evil!